WHAT IS CBD (Cannabidiol)?


Cannabidiol (CBD) is an active compound found in the Cannabis plant along with its more known partner Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and many others. CBD, THC and other cannabinoids create their effects on the human body through their interactions with our Endocannabinoid System (ECS) which we will elaborate on in an upcoming post. THC is commonly known as the compound that gets you high when you smoke marijuana, i.e. THC is psychoactive, whereas CBD is not[1]. This naturally places CBD differently, both in the public eye but also in legal context. Since the legalization of hemp in 2018[2], CBD has become increasingly visible in the cannabis market in many different forms from tinctures to face creams, mouth sprays, beverages and more. This meant that CBD would become yet another health-food buzzword joining the ranks of “Gluten-free”, “Pasture-raised”, “Superfoods”. However, some CBD benefits are well-documented to the extent that there is now an FDA-approved prescription drug[3] used to treat seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), Dravet syndrome, or tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). More and more people are looking into CBD for other benefits. 

Figure 1. Cannabidiol compound, 3D representation[4].

Due to a historical lack of research interest in Cannabis plants (all of which were effectively made illegal in 1937 under the Marihuana Tax Act and formally made illegal in 1970 under the Controlled Substances Act2), there is still a lot of need for CBD research to shine light on many topics including its array of potential benefits, dosage recommendations for different use cases, its use with or without THC, the related drug delivery methods and associated product types (e.g., vaping, oil, gummies, etc.) and more. 

Still, an increasing number of peer reviewed studies have already shown CBD could be effective in providing relief from various mental conditions including anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, addition and schizophrenia[5]. Further, its benefits for other physical conditions such as arthritis related pain or broader issues such as sleep regulation or inflammation have been explored with positive outcomes. Its ability to reduce inflammation opens doors to other potential applications such as acne management. Overall, CBD studies investigating various areas including anxiety relief, anti-seizure and neuroprotective effects as well as pain relief and even certain types of cancer have been increasingly carried out. 

At OZ Botanical, we believe CBD can be life-changing. However, we also know that it has been exaggeratedly marketed with aggressive profit-seeking behavior after its legalization in 2018. This has left some consumers disappointed and has definitely hurt our industry. This is why, we like to take the science-based route when we talk about our products. In an upcoming post, we will elaborate on the research outcomes on the therapeutic effects of CBD and cite the most relevant peer-reviewed studies for each one. As we move forward, OZ Academy will be the space for us to regularly present you to most relevant and recent findings in CBD research. 

Stay tuned!  

At least not in the same way as THC as you will not be ‘stoned’ from CBB. Still, CBD has been found to have mood-altering potential, for example in clinically depressed patients allowing them to have a great day for the first time in a long time. (Source: CBD & THC: Myths And Misconceptions. Last accessed, October 30th, 2020. Available online at https://www.projectcbd.org/cbd-101/cbd-misconceptions)

[2] The Farm Bill, hemp legalization and the status of CBD: An explainer. Brookings, 2018. Last accessed, October 30th, 2020. Available online at https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/

[3] Epidiolex, https://www.epidiolex.com/.  

[4] Cannabidiol. American Chemical Society. Last accessed, October 30th, 2020. Available online at https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/molecule-of-the-week/archive/c/cannabidiol.html

[5] Your CBD Guide, Healthline. Last accessed, October 30th, 2020. Available online at https://www.healthline.com/health/your-cbd-guide#taking-cbd

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